Knee Spasms
Knee Spasms
   Knee Spasms | Bursitis

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Knee spasms can be understood as bouts of sudden pain in the knee area that are often unbearable and may render the sufferer immobile for a short duration. Every spasm is essentially an uncontrolled, sudden muscle contraction that causes the severe pain.

Knee Spasms Causes

There are many reasons that can contribute to a knee spasm but the most common factors are:


A fracture is caused when the knee suffers an intense blow that damages either the cartilage or the bones or both to some extent. Knee spasm arising from fractures or even from fractures suffered many years ago is very common. In such cases, the intense bout of knee pain is often accompanied by swelling. While x-rays can readily confirm a fracture, knee spasms cannot be diagnosed by the healthcare professionals-they have to be reported by the patient since they occur intermittently and are different from the usual discomfort in the fractured, knee area. Keeping the knee in a curative, suspended position with the help of a bandage can alleviate the pain to some extent but it isn't a guaranteed cure for controlling spasms.

Torn Tendons

Tendons are the attaching entity that connects muscle to the bone. In the knee, the quadriceps and patellar tendons are the two primary tendons. These connect the muscle tissue to the patella (or the kneecap) and the shinbone. The connecting muscles are the quad muscles or the quadriceps that further extend below, towards the legs. If the tendons are damaged in a fall or accident, the muscles are forced into contracting suddenly. This happens because the natural reaction of the muscles is to reduce the impact on the tendons. This sudden contraction surfaces in the form of a knee spasm. The spasms become more intense if the tendon is totally torn, i.e. detached from the muscle. Such damaged tendons need surgical repair. In such cases, rehabilitative care is vital to ensure that the frequency of spasms is minimized and complete range of motion is restored to the damaged knee.


This is a state of sustained inflammation of the tendon. This isn't a damaged tendon but a slightly bruised tendon that is less elastic than normal. Such tendons have reduced supply of blood and are less capable of supporting the body's weight. Tendonitis in the knee can happen even if an external injury isn't apparent. This commonly happens when taking part in extreme, physical activities that causes the muscles to stretch beyond their limitation. Some tendons in the knee area are prone to inflammation. A common example of this is Patellar Tendonitis that is so common among athletes that it is now called 'Jumper's Knee'. Here, the repeated usage of the quadriceps causes the inflammation to occur without any warning signs. It is vital to understand that frequent inflammation of the knee's tendons can become a chronic condition and the spasms may surface even when the knee appears fully cured. This is why it is critical that any episode of tendonitis is resolved through ample rest to ensure that the quadriceps is fully recovered and the tendons are no longer in a compromised state.

Ligaments Of the Knee
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